論文; papers

On Styles of Literary Writing Strategies and Devices

It is a cool morning, the power is flickering, and just moments ago I had walked to and from fuel storage to fuel up the generator. Writing this opening is interesting, amongst a field of yellow leaves falling gracefully with the wind. I am quite literally sitting behind a college professor of English. The desk I am presently sitting at is behind the couch he is sitting on in the loft. He is reading quietly, and we both have just had our coffee and breakfast. This is freewriting and is one of the principal “strategies” employed when writing, however, what is not evident at first, is that it is clustered. How so? Temporally and spatially. Another “strategy”. It was asked to try and then reflect on a writing strategy that had not been used before. It is reported that these have not at all been used, nor employed as strategies, but all have been performed as necessities. As Plato said, “necessity is the mother of invention.”

You see, looping, is something that comes naturally—it is fractal. It seems essentially, an inverse of the etymology of religion, where instead of re-reading, one is re-writing. This happens automatically, yet in this text one may not see it (there’s a loop; preserved like a fossil)—typically this or the earlier appearance of it would have been struck during editing. In Grounded Theory (GT), this repetitious conceptualization is associated with saturation and interchangeable indicators (Glaser 62). Entire paragraphs or essays had been repeated. Having have been potentially Aspergers autistic, in consultations with a psychologist professor, the looping behavior is closely associated with presentations of perseveration. Looping is evidenced in many poems and essays on the Shugyokai.org site, in addition to the aforementioned freewriting.

Onto brainstorming, that beautiful beast of collaboration. This had been used personally when younger, as part of earlier education, and during the military when formulating strategies and tactics in maintaining brigade and division readiness of multi-million-dollar equipment that would block deplorability (much subject to secrecy). While employed as a VP of Engineering & Analytics at Wheelhouse Digital Marketing Group, we used it in strategic collaboration. Here, brainstorming was found to be useful, constructive, and helped generate cognitive maps which later was sorted by this very cognition at this keyboard, to reveal many phenomena, including covert biases in the produced memos. Brainstorming sorted, seems to naturally give rise to another necessity entirely.

Clustering. That behavior of cognitive schemas in organizing impinging sensory information, which had been grounded by Frederic Bartlett in 1932 (Carbon & Albrecht 2258), a highly intellectual Cambridge psychologist (Rosa). This is clustering. In flight, highly technical data has just been assembled around a topic of main concern; a deep, wide, and expansive interest in the role of schema induced climate change. This is a very powerful procedure for writing. It has been experienced extensively, more exhaustingly; and communicated historically, less optimally. It could be argued that clustering itself is commun-ication (emphasis on commune; see etymology of communication), where some preconceived clusters of cognitions (perpendicular to clusters of behaviors) around events had been conditionally habituated amongst pre-mass media communicative roles in society: journalists.

It was there in elementary school in Virginia, that “who, what, when, where, how” were introduced, and quite forcefully, where the obvious questions had left out why. This had become a go-to strategy for many writings during grade school; and there was staunch resistance. I had always been interested in the why-ing of it all. Regarding “all”, unfortunately, in language as opposed to raw cognition, one cannot simultaneously prioritize things and people, which leads to a kind of curiosity of what I consider language’s implicit bias: the serial position effect (Deese and Kaufman 1957). This is where the mere fact that words are ordered, influences recollections. Why is who first? I asked as a child, and on it led to a great matter of consideration of orders of presentation in influencing behaviors. On that note, Deese and Kaufman did not invent this concept, it had been observed and even worked around earlier. The serial position effect, also known as primacy, or the primacy effect, had been investigated by G. B. Welch and C. T. Burnett of Bowdoin College in Maine, in 1924. In Welch and Burnett’s study, they were able to go further, with “think[ing] backward[s]” in extinguishing primacy (Welch and Burnett 401). This is instructive.

By now the reader may have noticed that the topical exploration has followed a structure, and it largely follows a preconceived structure as outlined in Lisa Ede’s The Academic Writer: A Brief Rhetoric (Ede 253-260). The reason for this was that sometimes, in an effort to join in discussion with a community, not only is vernacular adopted, but also scaffolds of relations adopted—such is what I presently call cognitive speciation. I find this very interesting, as a kind of meta-primacy effect in biasing communities toward different cultural norms, where possibly, it leads to allopatric and sympatric speciation. That is, where cognitive outlooks become separated, and even if not separated physically by behaviors in fields of sciences but separated by the dances of “norms” and “culture” within which the fields have become specialized to attract, pollinate and mate, and produce cognitive offspring.

This, therefore, was an attempt, in retrospect, to consider the primary audience, the professor, English and Rhetoricians as a secondary audience, and peers as a tertiary audience. This consideration is a hallmark not of persuasion (rhetoric), but compassion, having walked so many lives, in one. While aspects of this written text are elementary, some aspects rapidly approach asymptotic spikes of very technical detail, wherein the concepts buried within are as protein spikes potentially binding with target receptors. This, thankfully, is now a concept in the popular vernacular with the recent appearance of COVID-19 on the world stage. It is now largely favorable to have a conversation about viral effects of language’s biasing effects with a larger audience, as the concepts required to have a discussion have been made more readily available by a serendipitous timing altogether in some re-readings, miraculous, yet other re-readings, coincidence. It is best to unpack “religion” to re-reading, to understand its role in both science, economics, and writing “strategies”.

Regarding the research project, as typical of any Grounded Theory Research project, I am petitioning the role of advisors, in this case our professor, to change the proposed topic of main concern. The original proposal had been to study the evolutionary advantages of art, where the research question was “what evolutionary advantage is conferred by parietal art’s role in conditioning analytical behaviors?” That sounds like a mouthful yet is better communicated by de-jargonizing the field’s “parietal” of Latin to something more accessible: walls. Walls, that which is responsible for reducing and eliminating accessibility, how ironic, also given that wall art’s current role is graffiti. In looking forward, it seems an evolution of study, shifting the topic of main concern in the direction to art as communication. Therefore the revised research question has now been sharpened, and the topic of main concern (repetitive, there’s a loop) becomes, “what evolutionary advantage is conferred by parietal art’s role in conditioning sympatric cognitive speciation?” This is a fine topic of main concern.

The plan is simple – sort existing memos in advance of this writing, written along with literature review, and post-literature incubative insights, along with another resampling of data (i.e., literature review) of a variety of fields to identify a core category around which other categories identified are in support. This may come via a variety of necessary behaviors employed as fitting to liturgical preconceived structure and forms, and there are many. For in an effort to research fields, one communicates, as this course has suggested, in the expectations of that field, wherein one is able to enter, morph, adapt, survive, and emerge with findings. After these sorts: 1) additional memos and writeups will occur, 2) interchangeable indicators of similar or same-processes clustered will be identified, 3) saturated memos looping will be identified, and 4) excessive interchangeable indicators clustering and saturated memos looping will be aborted to better reallocate metabolism in investigating phenomena in entirety, rather resting in compulsive pleasure inducing avoidant reflections of “I knew it all along” (i.e., hindsight bias). Where now it is proposed that, “I knew it all along,” might very well be the genesis of self-concept, at the advent of prototypical parietal art, leading to the cultural valence of “we knew it all along”, the genesis of intelligent species we-concept climate change induction.

Once sorts, memos, and writeups start producing consistently cogent, unified, and valuable homeostatic restorative findings accessible to generalized and specialized distributions of audiences, then it will transition to editing. Loops are minimized, except where effect is beneficial for contingent reinforcements toward bettering the ecological state of humanity’s place in the world. This is a brief process, after long. A short punctuative moment. That’s how it works. It is quite poetic. A reader and writer can navigate the roughest oceans and sail the calmest bays. They can ride the shallowest depths and pierce the deep< |e<a|st seas. Range my friends, range. That’s how I plan, by not-planning, and it is not by preconceived heuristics either, just, like—this. Please survive.

Works Cited

Carbon, Claus-Christian, and Sabine Albrecht. “Bartlett’s Schema Theory: The Unreplicated ‘portrait D’homme’ Series from 1932.” Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, vol. 65, no. 11, Psychology Press, 2012, pp. 2258–70, doi:10.1080/17470218.2012.696121.

Deese, James, and Roger A. Kaufman. “Serial Effects in Recall of Unorganized and Sequentially Organized Verbal Material.” Journal of Experimental Psychology, vol. 54, no. 3, American Psychological Association, 1957, pp. 180–87, doi:10.1037/h0040536.

Ede, Lisa. The Academic Writer: A Brief Rhetoric, Fifth Edition. Bedford St. Martins, 2021.

Glaser, Barney G. Memoing: A Vital Grounded Theory Procedure. Sociology Press, 2014.

Rosa, Alberto. “Sir Frederick Bartlett (1886 – 1969): An Intellectual Biography”. Sir Frederick Bartlett Archive, Department of PsychologyUniversity of Cambridge, http://www.bartlett.psychol.cam.ac.uk/Intellectual%20Biography.htm. Accessed 24 October 2021

Welch, G. B., and Burnett, C. T. “Is Primacy a Factor in Association-Formation.” The American Journal of Psychology(1924), vol. 35, no. 3, University of Illinois Press, 1924, pp. 396-401.


Written for ENG-101, Professor Coleman, Washington State University; includes original edits posted.